Mitigating climate change through restoring ecosystems in Bardia National Park, Nepal.

Bardia National Park (BNP) and its buffer zone encompasses the critically endangered Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands ecosystem, home to endangered Asian elephant, tiger, greater one-horned rhino, pangolins, Hispid hare, otters and Bengal florican. Forest fire in the dry season is a climate change induced threat here. Controlled burning of grassland by park rangers during the dry season, and burning of farm crop residues in the buffer zone increases carbon emissions and pollution.  The Small Mammals Conservation and Research Foundation (SMCRF) aims to reduce fire in forest, grassland and farmland, to reduce their negative impacts and to restore habitats. They will achieve this through education, the planting and safeguarding of 12,000 native trees, the trialling of changing grassland management from controlled spring fires to manual cutting in winter over 300ha, and the piloting of composting rather than burning of crop residues with 50 farmers over 600ha. The 16,000 annual visitors to BNP will benefit from better air quality, as well as new biking facilities which will provide a lower impact way for visitors to enjoy the park.